ArticleInfectious diseases

Laboratoire Christophe Mérieux

Etiology, pathogenesis, antivirals and vaccines of hand, foot, and mouth disease

Xiaobo Lei, Sheng Cui, Zhendong Zhao, and Jianwei Wang

Natl Sci Rev (2015)doi: 10.1093/nsr/nwv038


Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD), caused by enteroviruses, is a syndrome characterized by fever with vesicular eruptions mainly on the skin of the hands, feet, and oral cavity. HFMD primarily affects infants and young children. Although infection is usually self-limited, severe neurological complications in the central nervous system can present in some cases, which can lead to death. Widespread infection of HFMD across the Asia-Pacific region over the past two decades has made HFMD a major public health challenge, ranking first among the category C notifiable communicable diseases in China every year since 2008. This review summarizes our understanding of HFMD, focusing on the etiology and pathogenesis of the disease, as well as on progress toward antivirals and vaccines. The review also discusses the implications of these studies as they relate to the control and prevention of the disease

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